A motor neuron is made up of multiple parts the first segment of the motor neuron is the cell body that supports the life of the neuron. Branching of of the cell body are dendrites that receive messages from other cells. Going down from the cell body is the axon , which is like a tail off of the main body, at the end of the axon are terminal branches that send message to other cells. In your body there are billions of these motor neurons that are connected up end on end by the terminal branches and dendrites, all acting as different keys and locks that can only be fit in a certain combinations.
This website https://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Motor_neuron.html explains the anatomy, the function, and the motor units of motor neurons and how they are part of the central nervous system operates with the rest of your body.
This image is what a motor neuron looks like, and labels the different parts of the motor neuron and what they do to make them work the way that they do.
The human nervous system is broken up into two main parts, the central nervous system containing the brain and the spinal cord. And the peripheral nervous system which consists of many nerves, which are enclosed axons. These axons connect the central nervous system with the rest of the body. The peripheral nervous system also contains many of the involuntary systems, and is comprised of millions of motor neurons like the image above. With the peripheral nervous system your body does things without even thinking such as breathing, and pumping your heart to keep the blood flow going.
The image below shows the areas of the Central Nervous System (CNS) and the Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) in the human body and where they extend to.
This video introduces you to the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system and show how each of them works through the motor neurons.
Michael Gazzaniga and Roger Sperry where the first the concept of the split-brain, at Caltech. They did an experiment where the participant stared at a pot on a projector screen and this isolated the stimulus to only one side of the brain and they studied how that side would share this information with the other side through the corpus callosotomy. The right hemisphere of the corpus is good at processing nonverbal and spatial objectives, whereas the left part of the corpus is dominant in verbal tasks such as speaking. Memory in split-brain patients is also generally lower in the test than the control subjects.
I found this article on Psychology today describing the two parts of the brain, giving very well descriptions on both sides of the brain and the science behind the split brain experiments. http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-superhuman-mind/201211/split-brains
This image shows how the two separate parts of your brain when combined can be a wonderful experience. This image also shows the two hemispheres of the brain and what is located on each side.
Conformity is the need to fit in and not to be singled out from the rest. In schools across the United States this occurs almost everyday where people want to fit in with the normal kids so they act like them and wear cloths like them, and without even knowing it they mimic them to fit in and not be singled out and made fun of. Obedience for high command personal is tremendously high for our society. People will do almost anything they are told to do by a person of high authority, for example is a military commander brought you into a room and told you to give the order to kill a captive almost all participants would do so without even asking why.
This is a experiment http://psychology.about.com/od/historyofpsychology/a/milgram.htm by Stanley Milgram where participants where told by a authority figure to do something and did so without hesitation.
This image of zebras is a comparison of how our society is when it comes to being like the norm since all of the zebras are the same it represents this. Giving none individuality.
Bystander Apathy also known as Bystander Affect is a social affect that affects people every day when most people don't even realize it. The bystander affect is when someone is in distress or in need of assistance when your alone your more likely to help, but if you are in a group and no one else is rushing for help then why should you. The assistance is given way less with the larger group because the norm of the group effects the entire group, so if the guy next to me doesn't help the person must not need help at all. De-individualtion refers to the mentality that a person gets swept up in when in a large group and your not being singled out. When a mob, or group of people start destroying property, for example, I might as well destroy property to since everyone else is so why wouldn't I.
This image shows the de-individulation that can occur of friends of the Simpsons, when a mob is brought into the picture.
This video was made by, "What Would You Do?" and shows the actions people took or didn't take in certain situations in public.
The definition of learning is, "the acquisition of knowledge or skills through experience, study, or by being taught," but in the world of psychology this means a lot more. At the beginning of the 1930s John B. Watson created behaviorism. Behaviorism is the belief that behaviors can be measured, trained, and changed. Watson once stated that he could raise any child in a environment completely controlled by him, he could make them into anything he wanted them to be, if it be a artist, musician, lawyer, doctor, or any other profession because he could nurture them to being what he wanted them to become. This all has to do with how we learn as humans and as Watson stated can be altered by our environment.
This collage of words gives different examples of activities and people, and other things we use to learn new and different words, activities, and many others.
This video describes how the brain learns and some more facts about the human brain and how it interacts with the rest of the body.
Classical conditioning is a type of learning the psychologist Ivan Pavlov, from Russia, discovered which had a major impact on the school of thought in psychology know as behaviorism. Classical conditioning involves placing a neutral signal before a natural occurring reflex. If you whistle every time before you feed your dog, when ever you whistle again the dog will conditionally respond as if its about to be feed. Within classical conditioning there are many different conditioning tactics that are used to teach or get a objective done from a action or stimulant.
This article on Psychology Today http://www.simplypsychology.org/classical-conditioning.html explains the background and gives several examples of experiments.
This image shows that a dog drools every time they eat, so when you start wringing a bell right before meal time and continue to feed the dog. Then if you ring the bell they will begin to drool without food even being there.